VEYE CS Camera for Jetson TX2

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How to use VEYE and CS series camera module on NVIDIA Jetson Nano,TX2,AGX Xavier and Xavier NX

1 Overview

This guide shows how to use VEYE and CS series camera modules on Jetson Nano,Jetson Nano 2GB,TX2,TX2 NX,AGX Xavier and Xavier NX. Jetson SDK Version is

  • Jetpack4.2.2,L4T r32.2.1
  • Jetpack4.3,L4T r32.3.1
  • Jetpack4.4,L4T r32.4.3
  • Jetpack4.4.1,L4T r32.4.4
  • Jetpack4.5,L4T r32.5
  • Jetpack4.5.1,L4T r32.5.1
  • Jetpack4.6,L4T r32.6.1

We provide two ways to do so: Prebuilt Binaries or Source Code. Yes, It's Open Source!

VEYE and CS series camera modules are camera module with ISP functions build in. It output UYVY data using MIPI-CSI2. We provide V4L2 interface for video streaming apps , and Video Control Toolkits (which is Shell Script) to control the camera module directly, which is called DRA(Directly Register Access).

1.1 How to check the current L4T version

On Jetson board

cat /etc/nv_tegra_release

If it shows:

# R32 (release), REVISION: 4.3......

It means L4t Verion is 32.4.3

2 Hardware Setup

We have designed a 6cam interposer board for TX2 devkit and Xavier, It support up to 6 cameras at the same time.

 
6cam interposer board connected with 6 cameras


2.1 NVIDIA TX2 Developer Kit

It is connected as shown in figure:

 
TX2 Devkit 6 cameras connection


Be sure to screw the ADP adapter board to the bottom board.

2.2 NVIDIA TX2 AGX Xavier


 
Connect VEYE cameras to AGX Xavier


Be sure to screw the ADP adapter board to the bottom board.

2.3 NVIDIA Nano ,TX2 NX and Xavier NX Devkit

The Xavier NX interface is compatible with raspberry pi and Jetson Nano. The connection mode is shown in figure:

 
Xavier NX connection with VEYE-MIPI-327


 
Xavier NX connection with CS-MIPI-IMX307
 
VEYE327 connection with Jetson Nano A02

3 Upgrade Jetson Nano, Jetson TX2, TX2 NX,AGX Xavier and Xavier NX system

3.1 Overview

This section describes how to upgrade the Jetson system to support our camera module. To support our camera module, we need to update the two parts of the L4T (Linux for Tegra) of the Jetson system, Image and DTB.

In the Image, we added the camera driver, while the DTB indicates the camera model used. In general, you only need to use the Image and DTB, that we have prebuilt, and you don't need to build from source when it is not necessary.

In particular, for Xavier NX, we provide a burning image of the TF card.

3.2 Burning the prebuilt Image to upgrade Jetson Nano and Xavier NX Devkit

This method is no longer recommended because in this mode, the DTB partition reverts to the default value in some cases. It is recommended to use pre-compiled Image and DTB for driver upgrade.

You can use the image prebuild by us to upgrade jetson Xavier NX system, which will support our camera.

Using whole prebuilt image

  • download :

baiduyun:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1sWrcfEOivjuQ7T7P5bVcng

google driver:https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1KHSMTdyw-ZczR1yJPj-5y9eIv7izbgt3?usp=sharing

If Baidu cloud disk download is too slow, you can contact our company customer service xumm@csoneplus.com to obtain.

  • How to burn

refer to Official document

3.3 BSP package introduction

3.3.1 Path

https://github.com/veyeimaging/nvidia_jetson_veye_bsp

3.3.2 bsp package includes:
  • prebuild linux kernel:Image
  • prebuild dtb for different boards
  • driver source code
  • dts source code
  • i2c toolkits

3.4 DTB file name and Jeton Board

3.4.1 Nano A02

tegra210-p3448-0000-p3449-0000-a02.dtb

3.4.2 Nano B01

tegra210-p3448-0000-p3449-0000-b00.dtb

3.4.3 Nano 2GB

tegra210-p3448-0003-p3542-0000.dtb

3.4.4 TX2 Devkit

tegra186-quill-p3310-1000-c03-00-base.dtb

3.4.5 TX2 NX(p3509-0000 carrier board)

use the same carrier board with XAVIER NX Devkit

tegra186-p3636-0001-p3509-0000-a01.dtb

3.4.6 AGX XAVIER

tegra194-p2888-0001-p2822-0000.dtb

3.4.7 XAVIER NX Devkit

tegra194-p3668-all-p3509-0000.dtb

3.5 Upgrade Jetson Nano and Xavier NX 、AGX Xavier without HOST PC

Note: AGX Xavie Jetpack version >= 4.4 , support this upgrade mode. Earlier versions have not been verified and are not recommended.

3.5.1 Check the current L4T version

First check the current L4T version and try to replace it with the same version.

cat /etc/nv_tegra_release

If it shows:

# R32 (release), REVISION: 4.3......

It means L4t Verion is 32.4.3

3.5.2 Download the bsp package to the Jetson board

On Jetson Nano or Xavier NX:

git clone https://github.com/veyeimaging/nvidia_jetson_veye_bsp.git

3.5.3 Upgrade Image

First, under the bsp package directory, find the corresponding version of the Image package, decompress it, and execute:

sudo cp <path to your Image dir>/Image /boot/Image -f

For Xavier NX Devkit

Need to use the signed file(For example,file inside Image_l4t_r32.*.*_veyecam_signed_4_xavier),copy Image and Image.sig to /boot/ dir on the Jetson Xavier board:

sudo cp <path to your Image dir>/Image /boot/Image -f

sudo cp <path to your Image dir>/Image.sig /boot/Image -f

Effective after restart.

3.5.4 Upgrade dtb

Under the bsp package directory, find the dtb file corresponding to your camera module model and L4T version number.

sudo cp <path to your dtb dir>/<DTB file name> /boot/ -f

Then, edit the / boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf file and add the following line.

FDT /boot/<DTB file name>

Note: <DTB file name> should be replaced with the corresponding dtb name of the mainboard, ensure that the file specified in the FDT line actually exists correctly.

Effective after restart.

3.6 Upgrade Jetson Board using Host PC

3.6.1 Burn the standard Image

Note: if your Jetson board has correctly burned the standard version Image, you can skip this step.

You can burn the standard Image using SDK Manager or following the steps below.

  • Set PATH

Assume SDK install directory is <TOPDIR>.

export TOP_DIR=<absolute path to top dir accroding to your jetpack version and board name;for example /home/xumm/nvidia/nvidia_sdk/JetPack_4.5_Linux_JETSON_XAVIER_NX_DEVKIT/>

export L4T_DIR=$TOP_DIR/Linux_for_Tegra

  • Build default image, flashing to Jetson Board, prepare L4T environment

cd $L4T_DIR

sudo ./apply_binaries.sh  

- Nano

sudo ./flash.sh jetson-qspi-sd mmcblk0p1

sudo ./flash.sh jetson-nano-devkit mmcblk0p1

sudo ./flash.sh jetson-nano-2gb-devkit mmcblk0p1

- TX2

sudo ./flash.sh jetson-tx2 mmcblk0p1

- TX2 NX(p3509-0000 carrier board)

sudo ./flash.sh jetson-xavier-nx-devkit-tx2-nx mmcblk0p1

- AGX Xavier

sudo ./flash.sh jetson-xavier mmcblk0p1

- Xavier NX Devkit

sudo ./flash.sh jetson-xavier-nx-devkit mmcblk0p1

3.6.2 Download our bsp package for Jetson

cd $L4T_DIR

git clone https://github.com/veyeimaging/nvidia_jetson_veye_bsp.git

export RELEASE_PACK_DIR=$L4T_DIR/nvidia_jetson_veye_bsp

3.6.3 Upgrade Image and DTB

prebuilt Image on github:https://github.com/veyeimaging/nvidia_jetson_veye_bsp/tree/master/kernel_image

  • Installing the Kernel

Whether you use a prebuild kernel or you build it yourself

- Nano and TX2

copy Image to /boot/ dir on the Jetson Nano or TX2 board:

sudo cp <path to your Image dir>/Image /boot/Image -f

- AGX Xavier and Xavier NX Devkit

Need to use the signed file(For example,file inside Image_l4t_r32.*.*_veyecam_signed_4_xavier),copy Image and Image.sig to /boot/ dir on the Jetson Xavier board:

sudo cp <path to your Image dir>/Image /boot/Image -f

sudo cp <path to your Image dir>/Image.sig /boot/Image -f

on the Host PC:

cd $L4T_DIR

sudo ./flash.sh -k kernel jetson-xavier mmcblk0p1

- Xavier NX

on the Host PC:

cd $L4T_DIR

sudo ./flash.sh -k kernel jetson-xavier-nx-devkit mmcblk0p1

  • Flashing dtb file

Enter the recovery mode,and on the Host PC:

cp <path to your dtb dir>/dtbfilename $L4T_DIR/kernel/dtb/ -f

cd $L4T_DIR

- Nano

sudo ./flash.sh -r -k DTB jetson-nano-qspi-sd mmcblk0p1

sudo ./flash.sh -r -k DTB jetson-nano-devkit mmcblk0p1

sudo ./flash.sh -r -k DTB jetson-nano-2gb-devkit mmcblk0p1

- TX2

sudo ./flash.sh -r -k kernel-dtb jetson-tx2 mmcblk0p1

- TX2 NX(p3509-0000 carrier board)

sudo ./flash.sh -r -k kernel-dtb jetson-xavier-nx-devkit-tx2-nx mmcblk0p1

- AGX Xavier

sudo ./flash.sh -r -k kernel-dtb jetson-xavier mmcblk0p1

- Xavier NX

sudo ./flash.sh -r -k kernel-dtb jetson-xavier-nx-devkit mmcblk0p1

Reset Jetson Board after flashing.

3.7 Are Image and DTB upgrade successful ?

3.7.1 For Image

ls /sys/bus/i2c/drivers/

There should have veye327 veyecam csx307 cssc132 directory.

3.7.2 For DTB

DTB varies from platform and from camera module.

- Nano A02/ Nano 2G

ls /proc/device-tree/host1x/i2c@546c0000/

- Nano B01

ls /proc/device-tree/cam_i2cmux/i2c@*

- TX2 Devkit

ls /proc/device-tree/i2c@3180000/tca9548@70/i2c@*

or

ls /proc/device-tree/i2c@3180000/tca9548@77/i2c@*

- AGX Xavier

ls /proc/device-tree/i2c@3180000/tca9548@70/i2c@*

or

ls /proc/device-tree/i2c@3180000/tca9548@77/i2c@*

- Xavier NX and TX2 NX(p3509-0000 carrier board)

ls /proc/device-tree/cam_i2cmux/i2c@*

You should be able to find the camera model you used.

3.8 Build the drivers from source

Please refer to: Nvidia Jetson platform VEYE and CS series camera driver source code compilation guide.

Could be used for Flashing or Upgrading.

4 Applications and Test

4.1 Check system status

Run the following command to confirm whether the camera is probed.

  • For VEYE-MIPI-327(using VEYE-MIPI-327 dtb)

dmesg | grep veye327  

The output message appears as shown below:

Detected VEYE327 sensor

subdev veye327 X-003b bound

  • VEYE-MIPI-X(using VEYE-MIPI-CAM2M dtb)

dmesg | grep veye  

The output message appears as shown below:

camera id is veyecam

sensor is IMX327/IMX462/IMX385

subdev veyecam X-003b bound

  • For CS-MIPI-IMX307

dmesg | grep csx307  

The output message appears as shown below.:

Detected CS307 sensor

subdev csx307 X-003b bound

  • For CS-MIPI-SC132

dmesg | grep cssc132  

The output message appears as shown below.:

subdev cssc132 X-003b bound

  • Run the following command to check the presence of video node.

ls /dev/video*

The output message appears as shown below.

videoX  

4.2 Video Stream Toolkits Manual

Our camera appears as /dev/videoX device node,where X is between [0-5].

in gstreamer command ,v4l2src has a param device=/dev/videoX to identify which camera to use.

4.2.1 Gstreamer Usage
  • Preview FHD(HW accelerated)

gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src device=/dev/video0 ! "video/x-raw,format=(string)UYVY, width=(int)1920, height=(int)1080" ! nvvidconv ! "video/x-raw(memory:NVMM),format=(string)I420" ! nvoverlaysink sync=false

  • Preview FHD(using xvimagesink sink)

export DISPLAY=:0

gst-launch-1.0 -e v4l2src io-mode=4 device=/dev/video0 do-timestamp=true ! 'video/x-raw, width=1920, height=1080, framerate=30/1, format=UYVY' ! xvimagesink sync=false

  • Preview 720p@60 (CS-MIPI-IMX307,HW accelerated)

gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src ! "video/x-raw,format=(string)UYVY, width=(int)1280, height=(int)720, framerate=(fraction)60/1" ! nvvidconv ! "video/x-raw(memory:NVMM),format=(string)I420" ! nvoverlaysink sync=false

  • Preview 1280*1080@45 (CS-MIPI-SC132,HW accelerated)

gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src ! "video/x-raw,format=(string)UYVY, width=(int)1280, height=(int)1080, framerate=(fraction)45/1" ! nvvidconv ! "video/x-raw(memory:NVMM),format=(string)I420" ! nvoverlaysink sync=false

  • Preview 640*480p@130 (CS-MIPI-IMX307,HW accelerated)

gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src ! "video/x-raw,format=(string)UYVY, width=(int)640, height=(int)480, framerate=(fraction)130/1" ! nvvidconv ! "video/x-raw(memory:NVMM),format=(string)I420" ! nvoverlaysink sync=false

  • Preview 2 cameras 1080p HD(HW accelerated)

WIDTH=960

HEIGHT=540

CAPS="video/x-raw,format=(string)UYVY, width=1920, height=1080"

gst-launch-1.0 nvcompositor name=comp sink_0::xpos=0 sink_0::ypos=0 sink_0::width=$WIDTH sink_0::height=$HEIGHT sink_1::xpos=$WIDTH sink_1::ypos=0 sink_1::width=$WIDTH sink_1::height=$HEIGHT ! nvoverlaysink v4l2src device=/dev/video0 ! $CAPS ! nvvidconv ! "video/x-raw(memory:NVMM),format=(string)I420"! comp. v4l2src device=/dev/video1 ! $CAPS ! nvvidconv ! "video/x-raw(memory:NVMM),format=(string)I420"! comp.

  • Gstreamer cmd line for OpenCV

I think maybe OpenCV do not support I420 data format input,so you should convert it to BGR format.

gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src ! video/x-raw, format=(string)UYVY, width=(int)1920, height=(int)1080 ! nvvidconv ! video/x-raw(memory:NVMM), format=(string)I420 ! nvvidconv ! video/x-raw, format=(string)BGRx ! videoconvert ! video/x-raw, format=(string)BGR ! appsink

  • Record FHD in H.264 format to a video file(HW accelerated)

gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src num-buffers=300 ! "video/x-raw,format=(string)UYVY, width=(int)1920, height=(int)1080" ! nvvidconv ! "video/x-raw(memory:NVMM),format=(string)I420" ! omxh264enc qp-range=20,20:20,20:-1,-1 ! matroskamux ! queue ! filesink location=videoname.mkv

  • Playback of saved video file (HW accelerated)

gst-launch-1.0 filesrc location=videoname.mkv ! matroskademux ! h264parse ! omxh264dec ! nvoverlaysink

  • Capturing FHD still image  

gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src num-buffers=1 ! "video/x-raw,format=(string)UYVY, width=(int)1920, height=(int)1080" ! jpegenc ! filesink location=jpgname.jpg

4.3 Video Control Toolkits Manual

  • i2c bus description:

For AGX-Xavier and TX2, ADP-N1 has 6 MIPI CSI-2 interface [A-F],the corresponding i2c address is[30-35].

For Xavier NX, TX2 NX,the corresponding i2c address is 9 and10.

For Nano A02,Nano 2GB, the corresponding i2c address is 6.

For Nano B01, the corresponding i2c address is 7 and 8.

It is also the same as the X part of dmesg message:

subdev veyeX X-003b bound

subdev csimx307 X-003b bound

subdev cssc132 X-003b bound

using -b option to identify which bus you want to use.

  • VEYE-MIPI-327

Video Control Toolkits Manual :VEYE-MIPI-327 I2C

  • CS-MIPI-IMX307和CS-MIPI-SC132

Video Control Toolkits Manual :CS-MIPI-X I2C

5 Realtimes RTSO-9001

5.1 Hardware Setup

 
CS-MIPI-IMX307 and RTSO-9001(TX2)


Matching with Realtimes RTSO-9001, you need to use RTST-RPI adapter board.

Note: the power supply capacity of the MIPI CSI-2 interface of the current version of RTSO-9001 is not enough to support the power requirements of our camera, which requires an additional 5V power supply to the camera. It is not shown in the picture above.

5.2 Software bsp

  • The corresponding directory for Realtimes RTSO-9001, is:

nvidia_jetson_veye_bsp\TX2\JetPack_4.2.2_Linux_RTSO-9001

  • Subject to the agreement with Ruitai, we do not release the source code
  • Our code have been submitted to Realtimes, and customers are advised to contact Realtimes for a complete version of the supported image.

6 References

Jetson start up: https://developer.nvidia.com/embedded/learn/getting-started-jetson

Jetson Download Center: https://developer.nvidia.com/embedded/downloads

Xavier NX: https://developer.nvidia.com/embedded/learn/get-started-jetson-xavier-nx-devkit

TX2 development kit: https://developer.nvidia.com/embedded/jetson-tx2-developer-kit

SDK Manager: https://docs.nvidia.com/sdk-manager/index.html

L4T Doc: https://docs.nvidia.com/jetson/archives/l4t-archived/l4t-3242/index.htm

TX2 user guide: link

Realtimes website:http://www.realtimes.cn/