VEYE CS Camera on Toradex i.MX8M Plus board

From wiki_veye
Jump to navigation Jump to search

1 Overview

iMX8M Plus is a system-on-chip (SoC) designed and manufactured by NXP Semiconductors. It is commonly used in a variety of applications such as smart home devices, industrial automation, digital signage, and automotive infotainment systems.

Verdin iMX8M Plus is a member of the Verdin Family designed by Toradex.

Dahlia is a compact carrier board providing easy access to the most common features of the Verdin family. A very convenient platform for software development and demonstration purposes, the board is compatible with all current and future Verdin SoMs.

We developed the driver using the Verdin iMX8M Plus + Dahlia carrier board as an example. In addition, we have also specifically designed an ADP-TWG adapter board for signal conversion.

In general, you only need to use the Image file that we provided. Of course, you can also modify or recompile the driver according to our open source code.

Now, we have added support for Verdin iMX8M Mini. Except for areas specifically mentioned, iMX8M Mini is consistent with iMX8M Plus.

1.1 Camera module list

Camera module dirver status list
Series Model Status Adaptor board

VEYE and CS series camera modules are camera module with ISP functions build in. It output UYVY data using MIPI-CSI2. We provide V4L2 interface for video streaming apps , and Video Control Toolkits (which is Shell Script) to control the camera module directly, which is called DRA(Directly Register Access).

Specifically, for iMX8M Mini, the driver's default configuration sets the camera's output data format to YUYV.

2 Hardware Setup

We use ADP-TWG to connnect camera to Dahlia board.

2.1 Connection overview

VEYE camera Connect to Toradex Dahlia

2.2 Connection of VEYE Camera and ADP-TWG

The two are connected using 1.0 mm pitch*15P FFC cable with opposite direction. The cable must be inserted with the silver contacts facing outside.

ADP-TWG Connect to VEYE camera

2.3 Connection with Toradex Dahlia board with ADP-TWG

The two are connected using 0.5 mm pitch*24P FFC cable with same direction. The cable must be inserted with the silver contacts facing inside.

ADP-TWG Connect to Toradex Dahlia

3 Burn Verdin i.MX8M Plus/Mini system

Toradex provides various types of images for the board. Here, we only provide the "Toradex Embedded Linux - Yocto Project Reference Images” type of image for direct burning. If you want other types of burning images, please refer to the following chapter and compile and port the driver through the source code.

3.1 BSP package introduction

3.1.1 i.MX platform bsp


  • driver source code
  • i2c toolkits
  • application demo
3.1.2 Toradex i.MX platform bsp


  • prebuild linux kernel:Image
  • prebuild dtb for different boards
  • dts source code
  • the reference images are available in the release of this project.

3.2 Burn the Image using Toradex Easy Installer

Download Image form here.

Refer to loading-toradex-easy-installer article to burn the image to Verdin board.

3.3 Necessary preparations

After burning, connect Dahlia's DEBUG port to the computer, and you can access the i.MX system via the serial port.

Enter username "root" and leave the password blank.

  • Execute the following command to disable the boot animation:

systemctl stop wayland-app-launch

systemctl disable wayland-app-launch


4 Applications and Test

4.1 Check system status

Run the following command to confirm whether the camera is probed.


dmesg | grep veye  

The output message appears as shown below:

[    1.525383] veyecam2m 2-003b:  camera id is veyecam2m

[    1.533458] veyecam2m 2-003b: sensor is IMX327

[    1.537935] veyecam2m 2-003b: board type is ONE board

[    1.543320] veyecam2m 2-003b: veyecam2m camera probed

[    5.710340] mx8-img-md: Registered sensor subdevice: veyecam2m 2-003b (1)

[    5.757858] mx8-img-md: created link [veyecam2m 2-003b] => [mxc-mipi-csi2.0]

As you can see, the VEYE-MIPI-IMX327S module has been successfully probed and mounted on i2c-2.

4.1.1 For iMX8M Plus
  • Run the following command to check the presence of video node.

ls /dev/video*

The output message appears as shown below.


  • List the formats supported by the camera

v4l2-ctl --list-formats-ext -d /dev/video3


        Type: Video Capture Multiplanar

        [0]: 'RGBP' (16-bit RGB 5-6-5)

                Size: Discrete 1920x1080

        [1]: 'RGB3' (24-bit RGB 8-8-8)

                Size: Discrete 1920x1080

        [2]: 'BGR3' (24-bit BGR 8-8-8)

                Size: Discrete 1920x1080

        [3]: 'YUYV' (YUYV 4:2:2)

                Size: Discrete 1920x1080

        [4]: 'YUV4' (32-bit A/XYUV 8-8-8-8)

                Size: Discrete 1920x1080

        [5]: 'NV12' (Y/CbCr 4:2:0)

                Size: Discrete 1920x1080

        [6]: 'NM12' (Y/CbCr 4:2:0 (N-C))

                Size: Discrete 1920x1080

        [7]: 'YM24' (Planar YUV 4:4:4 (N-C))

                Size: Discrete 1920x1080

        [8]: 'XR24' (32-bit BGRX 8-8-8-8)

                Size: Discrete 1920x1080

        [9]: 'AR24' (32-bit BGRA 8-8-8-8)

                Size: Discrete 1920x1080

In fact, the camera only provides UYVY data format, and the ISI module in i.MX 8M Plus provides data format conversion function, so /dev/video3 has so many output formats.

4.1.2 For iMX8M Mini
  • Run the following command to check the presence of video node.

ls /dev/video*

The output message appears as shown below.


  • List the formats supported by the camera

v4l2-ctl --list-formats-ext -d /dev/video0


        Type: Video Capture

        [0]: 'YUYV' (YUYV 4:2:2)

                Size: Discrete 1920x1080

Due to the absence of the ISI module in i.MX 8M Mini, /dev/video0 can only directly output the data format from the camera.

4.2 Video Stream test on i.MX 8M Plus

4.2.1 Preview (VEYE-MIPI-CAM@1080p mode)

gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src device=/dev/video3 ! video/x-raw, format=NV12, width=1920, height=1080,framerate=30/1 ! autovideosink -v


gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src device=/dev/video3 io-mode=4 ! video/x-raw, format=NV12, width=1920, height=1080,framerate=30/1 ! imxvideoconvert_g2d ! queue ! video/x-raw, format=RGB16, width=1920, height=1080 ! waylandsink

4.2.2 Snap a picture (VEYE-MIPI-CAM@1080p mode)

gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src num-buffers=1 device=/dev/video3 ! 'video/x-raw, width=1920,height=1080' ! jpegenc ! filesink location=test_image.jpg

4.2.3 Record 1080p video in H.264 format to a video file

gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src device=/dev/video3 num-buffers=300 ! "video/x-raw,format=NV12, width=1920, height=1080" ! v4l2h264enc ! video/x-h264 ! h264parse ! qtmux  ! filesink location=filename.mp4 -e

4.2.4 Playback of saved video file

gst-launch-1.0 filesrc location=filename.mp4 ! queue ! decodebin ! videoconvert ! autovideosink

4.3 Video Stream test on i.MX 8M Mini

4.3.1 Preview (VEYE-MIPI-CAM@1080p mode)

gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src device=/dev/video0 ! 'video/x-raw,width=1920,height=1080,framerate=(fraction)30/1' ! waylandsink

4.3.2 Snap a picture (VEYE-MIPI-CAM@1080p mode)

gst-launch-1.0 v4l2src num-buffers=1 device=/dev/video0 ! 'video/x-raw, width=1920,height=1080' ! jpegenc ! filesink location=test_image.jpg

4.3.3 v4l2grab snap a picture

./v4l2grab -d /dev/video0 -W 1920 -H 1080 -I 30 -o picture.jpg

4.4 I2C Control Toolkits Manual

Because of the high degree of freedom of our camera parameters, we do not use V4L2 parameters to control, but use scripts to configure parameters.

Using -b option to identify which bus you want to use, please use -b 2 for Dahlia.

  • VEYE series

Video Control Toolkits Manual :VEYE-MIPI-327 I2C

The "i2c_cmd" tool has already been provided in the /boot/ directory of the released image.

5 Build the drivers from source

The following operations are done on Ubuntu Host PC.

Toradex provides a method for building the compilation system, and here we will provide an example that is feasible.

Please note that in the descriptions below, replace "imx8mp" with "imx8mm" according to your actual situation.

5.1 Build Toradex standard Image

First, refer to the following article and use Yocto to compile the entire system.

Build a Reference Image with Yocto Project/OpenEmbedded

This process is time-consuming, but by going through this process, you can recompile the entire system and avoid compatibility issues that may arise when modifying the original system.

After completing this step, you can use the Toradex Easy Installer to burn the Toradex standard image onto the board.

The compiled image can be found in the oe-core/build/deploy/images/verdin-imx8mp directory.

5.2 Build the Image.gz

5.2.1 Patch driver code

git clone

The source code path of the camera driver is: oe-core/build/tmp/work-shared/verdin-imx8mp/kernel-source/drivers/media/i2c, places the source code of the camera driver in the corresponding directory.

Merge the Config and Makefile in the same path. Add the corresponding camera driver.

5.2.2 Add config option

bitbake virtual/kernel menuconfig

5.2.3 Build Image.gz

bitbake virtual/kernel

In the oe-core/build/deploy/images/verdin-imx8mp directory, you will obtain the Image.gz with added veye camera driver.

5.3 Build the dtbo

5.3.1 Build Toradex standard dtbos

For the dtbo, I took a simpler approach. Refer to the following article to directly compile the dtbo, instead of using Yocto.

Build Device Tree Overlays from Source Code

5.3.2 Add dts for veyecam

git clone

5.3.3 Deploy Image.gz and dtbo

If you have already burned the Toradex standard image and compiled the Image.gz and verdin-imx8mp_veyecam2m_overlay.dtbo, you can simply follow the steps below to make them take effect:

  1. Copy the compiled Image.gz file to the /boot/ directory and overwrite the original Image.gz file.
  2. Copy the compiled verdin-imx8mp_veyecam2m_overlay.dtbo file to the /boot/overlay/ directory.
  3. Modify the /boot/overlays.txt file to add verdin-imx8mp_veyecam2m_overlay.dtbo.
  4. Restart the system to activate the new Image.gz and dtbo.

The above is just a brief approach. You can customize meta layers, recipes, and images in Yocto Project.

6 References

7 History

  • 2023-12-05

Added support for Verdin iMX8M Mini.